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Fire Alarm -- Installation

Douglas Krantz -- Fire Alarm Engineering Technician, Electronic Designer, Electronic Technician, Writer








Can Two Different NAC Circuits be in the Same Conduit in Class A? -- Keep in mind that the purpose of Class A isn't so any problem with the wiring can be repaired in a timely manner; the purpose of Class A is to keep the system working once ... Read More

Where Should An End-Of-Line Resistor go In A Security System? -- Shouldn't the EOL resistor be physically, actually, for-real be located at the END of the loop, at the farthest point? Otherwise, isn't having the EOL resistor right there at the panel just ... Read More

Can the Booster Power Supply be Installed in the Ceiling? -- The fire alarm system isn't going to be removed after the warranty period; the fire alarm system is going to be in place as long as the building stands. Not only that... Read More

Can the Alarm Relay Contacts Be Used For Elevevator Capture? -- Usually those contacts activate with any alarm. To keep the elevator from being captured when a smoke detector in any part of the building goes... Read More

Can More Than One Class A Circuit be in a Conduit? -- How many Class A Circuits are in a single conduit isn't really the issue. The issue is separating the feed part of any Class A Circuit from... Read More

Can I Relocate a Strobe Without Reprogramming? -- Do the technicians have to reprogram the fire alarm system after relocating devices just a few inches from their original position?Read More

Is There Any Reference to Font Size for Labels? -- Is there any clear info on the marking as to Font size? As for 10.6.5.2.3 is there a better description for a red marking, one that is uniform with code?Read More

Can a Button be Installed to Release a Door Holder? -- The workers have to pop the door off the magnet when church starts. Some of the workers are older and have difficulty closing the door. Read More

Can a Person Just Add a Horn or Strobe to an Existing Notification Appliance Circuit (NAC)? -- In a building that has been remodeled and remodeled, when a fire drill is sounded, have you ever found that a few strobes are running slow or won't even work? Then, when troubleshooting... Read More

How many T-Taps are Allowed on an SLC? -- The answer to the question of how many T-Taps is allowed --- is It Depends. It depends on the manufacturer and it depends on how easy the installer wants to make the system for the technician... Read More

What is an As-Built Plan? -- The owner of the building project is the beginning of the planning process and the end of the planning process. Conception Plans - How the building ... Read More

What Makes Interfacing the Fire Alarm to Elevator Capture Difficult? -- People are afraid of fire. They also know that where there's smoke, sometimes there's fire. That's why they don't want the elevator to... Read More

It's the Volunteer Firefighter that Reads the Panel -- I suppose it was used because the technician programming the fire alarm system was totally familiar with the acronym AFA and what it means... Read More

Why Use Pigtails or a UL Approved End-of-Line Resistor? -- Many times, a fire alarm system installer will put the leads of an end-of-line resistor... Read More

What is the Difference Between an End of Line Resistor and a Terminating Resistor? -- In electronics, at the end of the communication line, there's often a Terminating Resistor. In fire alarm and security systems ... Read More

Does the NO Mean Normally Open of Normally Closed on a Tamper Switch? -- To figure out the normally open and normally closed contacts for switches on fire suppression systems, use ... Read More

When a New Air Diffuser is Installed, Why is the Fire Alarm Company at Fault? -- I was at a lunch meeting where the State Fire Marshal (AHJ) was speaking. One of the things that he talked about... Read More

Does Anyone Return to Make the Installation Look Good? -- My father-in-law once told me "Make it purdy the first time; you'll always come back to make it work, you'll never come back to... Read More








PDF Book
PDF of Make It Work - Conventional Fire Alarm Systems
PDF of Make It Work - Conventional Fire Alarm Systems


Douglas Krantz

Describing How It Works
facpdoug@douglaskrantz.com

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Articles

How Does Class A Fire Alarm Wiring Work?-- Fire alarm systems save lives and protect property. Fire alarm systems also break down because... Read More

Just What Is a Signaling Line Circuit (SLC)? -- The SLC (Signaling Line Circuit) is another way of saying Data and Power Circuit. Along with added power to run the sub-computers and their input and output circuits, it's a computer data-buss ... Read More

How is a Buffer Relay Wired Into a Door Holder Circuit? -- Like a door stop, a door holder keeps a fire door open. When smoke is detected, the door holder releases, allowing the door to shut. The door holder looks simple and innocuous enough... Read More

How Does One Find a Soft Ground Fault? -- Normally, we think of resistance like that of a resistor. The amount of resistance is built-in; no matter what voltage is used to drive the electrical... Read More

Can a Magnet Really be Used to Test a Smoke Detector? -- Smoke detectors usually have two ways of being tested. Smoke (smoke particles in the air, or some sort of canned smoke), and magnets (the activation of an internal magnetic... Read More



Electrical Flow


On this website, most references to electrical flow are to the movement of electrons.

Here, electron movement is generally used because it is the electrons that are actually moving. To explain the effects of magnetic forces, the movement of electrons is best.

Conventional current flow, positive charges that appear to be moving in the circuit, will be specified when it is used. The positive electrical forces are not actually moving -- as the electrons are coming and going on an atom, the electrical forces are just loosing or gaining strength. The forces appear to be moving from one atom to the next, but the percieved movement is actually just a result of electron movement. This perceived movement is traveling at a consistent speed, usually around two-thirds the speed of light. To explain the effects of electrostatic forces, the movement of positive charges (conventional current) is best.

See the explanation on which way electricity flows at www.douglaskrantz.com/
ElecElectricalFlow.html
.